ALEXANDER N. KONOVALOV was born on December 12, 1933 in Moscow in a family of physicians. In 1957 he graduated from the 1st Moscow Medical Institute named after I. M. Setchenov and started working in the N. N. Burdenko Institute of Neurosurgery of RAMS of the USSR. From 1966 to 1975 he was Deputy Director and from 1975 until now he is Director of the N. N. Burdenko Institute of Neurosurgery of RAMS. In 1970 he defended the thesis for the Doctor's degree on the topic "Surgical treatment of arterial aneurysms." In 1974 he was elected as a Corresponding Member and in 1982 he became an Academician of the Academy of medical Sciences of the USSR.
Since 1994 he has been heading the Chair of pediatric neurosurgery at the Academy of Postgraduate Education. From 1972 until now he is editor-in-chief of the Journal Voprosy Neurokhirurgii.
In the period from 1981 to 1991 he was President of the All-Union Neurosurgical Society. Twice he was elected as Vice-President of the World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies (1981-1985 and in 1993) and also two times as a Vice-President of the European Association of Neurosurgical Societies (1975-1983 and 1987-1991).
In 1985 he and a group of his colleagues became a State Prize Winner of the USSR for having developed new methods of vascular surgery of the brain. He was president of the 9th European Congress on Neurosurgery, Moscow, June 23-28, 1991. In 1995 he became a State Prize Winner for the investigations of actual problems of cranio-cerebral trauma.
He is Honorary Member of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons and a member of some foreign neurosurgical societies. In 1999 he received Medal of Honor by the European Association of Neurosurgical Societies. He is a member of the Euroacademia Multidisciplinaries Neurotrauma-tologica - 2000. In 2000 he was elected as an academician of the RAS.
He is author of about 243 scientific publications and 12 monographs. His main scientific interests are surgery of deep-seated tumors, pediatric neurosurgery, vascular surgery and head injury.