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Paul C. Bucy, MD
Distinguished Service Award:
PAUL C. BUCY was born in Hubbard, Iowa, November 13, 1904. He attended the University of Iowa in Iowa City (M.Sc. in Neuropathology, M.D., 1927). In 1928, he joined the faculty of the University of Chicago and became associated with Percival Bailey. He spent 1930-31 with Gordon Holmes at the National Hospital, Queen’s Square, London, and with Professor Otfried Foerster in Breslau, Germany. In 1933, he did research in neurophysiology with Professor John F. Fulton at Yale.
He spent 13 years at the University of Chicago, and was head of the Division of Neurology and Neurological Surgery, from 1939 to 1941. In 1941, he became Professor of Neurology and Neurological Surgery at the University of Illinois in Chicago.
In 1954, Dr. Bucy became Professor of Surgery (Neurosurgery) at Northwestern University. He retired in 1972, and moved to Tryon, North Carolina. After moving to North Carolina, he was appointed Clinical Professor of Neurology and Neurological surgery at Bowman Gray School of Medicine.
When he became associated with Percival Bailey, they first devoted their attention to various brain tumors-oligodendrogliomas, meningiomas. Later, his interest turned to neurological control of movement and neurosurgical relief of abnormal involuntary movements.
At the University of Chicago there was a group of scientists interested in the nervous system. One was Heinrich Kluver, the distinguished experimental psychologist. In the late 1930s, Kluver and Bucy began experiments of the temporal lobes of monkeys, which led to their description of the changes which occur in monkeys after bilateral temporal lobectomy. This became known as "Kluver-Bucy Syndrome." His interest in the neural motor system culminated in 1944, when he published the "Precentral Motor Cortex."
During World War II, he served as Consultant to the U.S. Army, and became interested in spinal cord injuries. As a member of the National Neurological Advisory Council to NIH, he was instrumental in getting Congress to fund spinal cord injury research.
In the late 1930s he was a member of the committee which formed the American Board of Neurological Surgery. (Founding member, 1940; past-Secretary). He has been President of the: American Neurological Association; Harvey Cushing Society; and World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies. He has received honorary degrees from the Universities of Utrecht and Saloniki (Greece). He was Secretary and Chairman of the Section on Nervous and Mental Diseases of the AMA. He was honorary member of the British, Scandinavian and French Neurosurgical Societies, among others.
In 1950, he was appointed to the Editorial Board of the
Journal of Neurosurgery
, and later became Publisher. In 1972, he formed a new neurosurgical journal,
, and was editor until 1987.
Paul Bucy married Evelyn Richards of Iowa Falls, Iowa, in 1927. They had two sons, Paul Craig and Dr. James G., Associate Professor of Urology at Washington University, St. Louis.
Dr. Bucy died in 1993 in Tryon, North Carolina where he had lived for several years, with his wife Evelyn. She died in 1994 in St. Louis.
Copyright © 2008 The Society of Neurological Surgeons